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The Essential Photographers

EssentialsPhotographers

The following is a short list, featuring twenty prominent, prolific and influential photographers from the 19th century through today. The list includes photographers from all genres including fashion, portraiture, landscape, documentary etc. This list is subjective and was partially selected based upon the collection of titles available through the Lincoln City Library collection. Students of photography and enthusiasts will find these to be some of the most commonly studied photographers. Professional photographers and historical photographer’s photo books make an excellent study of composition, photographic technique and posing to name a few.

classic. Among the best of a class, of the highest quality in a group…a work that endures.Harper Handbook to Literature

The author links in this booklist are to the complete listings of all materials in the Lincoln City Libraries’ collections, either by or about these photographers. The links connect directly to our library catalog, so that you may check on the current availability of titles. Covers shown below are relative samples of some of these authors’ best-known works.
 
Ansel Adams  [February 20, 1902 – April 22, 1984]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for this photographer ]

American black and white landscape photographer and environmentalist.

essphoto-adams

Diane Arbus  [March 14, 1923 – July 26, 1971]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]

American photographer and writer, who specialized in black and white, medium format portraiture off the beaten path.

essphoto-arbus

Eugene Atget  [February 12, 1857 – August 4, 1927]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ website for this photographer at The Musuem of Modern Art ]

French street photographer who documented the streets and architecture of Paris.

essphoto-atget

Richard Avedon  [May 15, 1923 – October 1, 2004]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for this photographer ]

American fashion and portrait photographer, published often in Vogue and Life.

essphoto-avedon

Cecil Beaton  [January 14, 1904 -January 18 , 1980]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ images from Cecil Beaton in the National Portrait Gallery ]

English fashion and portrait photographer.

essphoto-beaton

Julia Margaret Cameron  [June 11 , 1815 -January 26 , 1879]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ The Julia Margaret Cameron Trust ]

British photographer specialized in staged and celebrity portraiture.

essphoto-cameron

Robert Capa  [October 22, 1913 – May 25, 1954]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ Robert Capa photography portfolio at Magnum Photos ]

Hungarian photojournalist, war photographer, and cofounder of Magnum photography.

essphoto-capa

Henri Cartier-Bresson  [August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ portraits by Henri Cartier-Bresson at the National Portrait Gallery ]

French photographer who was highly influential in the development of modern photojournalism.

essphoto-cartier-bresson

Imogen Cunningham  [April 12, 1883 – June 24, 1976]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ The Imogen Cunningham Trust ]

Was an American photographer specializing in botanical, nude and industrial landscape photography.

 essphoto-cunningham

George Eastman  [July 12, 1854 – March 14, 1932]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ George Eastman – His Life, His Legacy and His Estate ]

American innovator and entrepreneur, founder of Eastman Kodak company, inventor of roll film, and helped bring photography mainstream.

 essphoto-eastman

Alfred Eisenstaedt  [December 6, 1898 – August 24, 1995]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ Vineyard Time With Eisie — a Biographical Remembrance ]

German-American photographer and photojournalist, used 35mm Leica rangefinder camera.

 essphoto-eisenstaedt

Walker Evans  [November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ Walker Evans entry at Luminous Lint website ]

American photographer noted for his use of a 8×10 camera as an FSA (Farm Security Administration) documentary photographer during the 1930s.

 essphoto-evans

Lewis Hine  [September 26, 1874 – November 3, 1940]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]

American sociologist and photographer who used his photos for social reform, which especially influenced child labor laws in the United States.

 essphoto-hines

David Hockney  [July 9, 1937 – ]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for this photographer ]

English artist and photographer, an influential British pop artist.

 essphoto-hockney

Dorothea Lange  [May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ Dorothea Lange images at the Museum of Modern Art ]

American photojournalist and documentary photographer, best known for her humanizing FSA work during the Depression.

 essphoto-lange

Annie Leibovitz  [October 2, 1949 – ]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]

American portrait photographer, famous for celebrity and fashion work for Vanity Fair magazine.

 essphoto-leibovitz

Robert Mapplethorpe  [November 4, 1946 – March 9, 1989]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for the Robert Mapplethorp Foundation ]

American photographer famous for large scale black and white photos.

 essphoto-mapplethorpe

Wright Marion Morris  [January 6, 1910 – April 25, 1998]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for this photographer ]

American writer and photographer known for depicting the Great Plains.

 essphoto-morris

Edward Steichen  [March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]

American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator.

 essphoto-steichen

Alfred Stieglitz  [January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ PBS website for Stieglitz – American Masters ]

American modern art enthusiast and photographer, instrumental in the development of photography recognized as an art form.

 essphoto-stieglitz

Plus one noteworthy extra:

Vivian Maier  [February 1, 1926 – April 21, 2009]

[ Library Materials: Books/DVDs By or About This Photographer ] [ Wikipedia entry for this author ]  [ official web site for one of two curators of Maier’s photos | official web site for second of two curators of Maier’s photos ]

Amateur photographer who, over the course of a lifetime, took about 100,000 street shots in Chicago and New York but who never shared her pictures; her photographs were only “discovered” around the time of her death, and are now being recognized as masterful and significant work.

essphoto-vivianmeier

Compiled for the web July 2012 gb / last updated August 2016 sdc